HomePersonal FinanceDifference: CIBIL Score and Credit Score

Difference: CIBIL Score and Credit Score

What is the difference between a CIBIL Score and a Credit Score? Which one I should improve for the loan and credit card? This is the question that was asked by one of the blog readers. So, in this blog post, I will share in detail the difference between CIBIL and Credit Score.

You know, maintaining a strong credit profile is essential for getting a loan or credit card in the current financial environment. In conversations about creditworthiness, the terms commonly mentioned are the CIBIL score and the credit score. Even though these terms are occasionally swapped, they actually signify distinct facets of a person’s credit record and monetary well-being. Let’s explore the differences between CIBIL score and credit score to enhance our understanding of both. 

CIBIL Score vs Credit Score Difference

Difference: CIBIL Score and Credit Score

What is CIBIL Score?

The three-digit numerical summary of an individual’s credit history is referred to as the CIBIL score, which is named after the Credit Information Bureau (India) Limited. It varies between 300 and 900 and is utilized by creditors to assess borrowers’ creditworthiness prior to providing credit options.

To check your CIBIL score, simply go to the credit bureau’s official website located at www.cibil.com. You are able to receive your score at no cost.

A CIBIL report, also known as a Credit Information Report (CIR), is a continuously updated document containing details of your credit and loan history, as well as your CIBIL score.

Factors Affecting CIBIL Score

Various factors influence a CIBIL score are given below.

  • Repayment history: Paying your loan on time can show that you can handle debt well, leading to a positive effect on your credit score.
  • Credit utilization: Taking out a personal loan can offer a chance to settle credit card debt, leading to a decrease in your credit utilization ratio and boosting your credit score.
  • Credit mix: Having a variety of credit types, like a mortgage, car loan, and Personal Loan, can diversify your credit profile and positively impact your credit score.
  • Credit inquiries: Avoiding new credit applications or credit inquiries can prevent a drop in the score.

Importance of a Good CIBIL Score

A high CIBIL score indicates a good credit history, which enhances the individual’s chances of obtaining loans and credit cards at favorable terms, including lower interest rates and higher credit limits.

What is Credit Score?

A credit score is a number that shows how likely someone is to repay borrowed money, determined by credit agencies using data from the person’s credit file. Similar to a CIBIL score, it helps lenders evaluate the risk involved in loaning money to a specific person.

Factors Affecting Credit Score

Similar to the CIBIL score, factors affecting credit score are given below.

  • New credit accounts:  Requesting new credit accounts only when necessary and avoiding opening numerous new accounts frequently can positively influence an individual’s credit rating.
  • High credit utilization: Taking out a loan while continuing to use credit cards and other types of credit can raise your credit utilization ratio, leading to a potential decrease in your credit score.
  • Hard inquiries: Requesting a personal loan leads to a hard inquiry on your credit report, causing a slight decrease in your credit score temporarily.
  • Late payments: Failing to pay a Personal Loan on time or not at all can harm your credit rating and may be sent to credit agencies.

Importance of a Good Credit Score

A good credit score is imperative for accessing various financial products and services on favorable terms. It not only facilitates loan approvals but also influences interest rates, insurance premiums, and even job opportunities.

Key Differences Between CIBIL Score and Credit Score

CriteriaCIBIL ScoreCredit Score
DefinitionCIBIL score specifically refers to the credit score provided by the Credit Information Bureau (India) LimitedA credit score is more generic and may refer to scores provided by other credit bureaus worldwide, such as Equifax, Experian, or TransUnion.
CalculationDetermined using an individual’s credit report algorithms and methodologies for calculation are differentThe calculation of credit scores considers several variables, including payment history, credit utilization, credit mix, length of credit history, and new credit accounts.
RangeRanges from 300 to 900Ranges from 300 to 850 or 900, depending on the credit bureau
Credit BureauIt is one of the four credit bureaus in India, along with Equifax, Experian, and CRIF High Mark.There are multiple credit bureaus in different countries, such as Experian, Equifax, TransUnion, and others.
AuthorityCIBIL is a licensed credit bureau regulated by the Reserve Bank of India.Credit bureaus are regulated by various authorities in different countries.
UsageCIBIL score is widely used by financial institutions for credit assessment purposesCredit Score is used by financial institutions for loan assessment purposes as well as to know creditworthiness.

Similarities Between CIBIL Score and Credit Score

Despite their differences, both scores serve the common purpose of assessing an individual’s creditworthiness. They are both influenced by similar factors, such as repayment history, credit utilization, and credit inquiries.

Importance of Monitoring Both Scores

It is crucial to consistently monitor both the CIBIL score and credit score for maintaining good financial well-being. By monitoring these scores, people can pinpoint areas needing improvement and actively work to boost their credit profiles.

Credit Score Impact Analysis CIBIL Score Simulator

How to Improve CIBIL Score and Credit Score

To increase both scores, you must exhibit responsible financial habits. Adhere to the recommendations below to boost your CIBIL and Credit score.

No late payments or defaults 

The initial step is to establish a routine of being punctual with payments. Nobody enjoys overdue payments or defaults. Be sure to ensure that you make timely payments for all your credit card bills and loan installments. These are guaranteed methods to enhance and increase your credit score. If you struggle to remember due dates for payments, consider setting up automatic debit for your credit card and EMI payments.

Don’t consume the entire credit limit 

Another certain method to increase your credit score is to adhere to the rule of not using up your entire credit limit. Having a larger outstanding balance will have a negative impact on your credit score. Manage the amount of your credit card limit that you use. My suggestion is to only use one third of the highest credit limit.

Keep only a few credit card and loans

You need to decrease the amount of loans and credit cards you have. You have the option to terminate all credit cards that are not being used and retain only one or two. If feasible, minimize the quantity of loans by repaying them. It is certain to aid in boosting your credit rating.

Mix of Borrowings

Having a mix of both secured and unsecured loans is beneficial for establishing and keeping up a positive credit rating. It also impacts your capacity to take out loans. Reducing your unsecured loan and credit card balances is advised.

Stop loan and credit card inquiries

Avoid bombarding lenders with excessive inquiries regarding loans or credit cards. Sending an excessive number of inquiries suggests that you are experiencing financial difficulties and seeking to borrow money. Your credit score will decrease as a result of this.

Conclusion

In summary, although the terms “CIBIL score” and “credit score” are commonly swapped, they actually signify different elements of a person’s credit record and financial position. It is important to grasp the distinctions among these scores in order to make wise financial choices and properly handle one’s credit history.

FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

Is a CIBIL score the same as a credit score?

No, while both scores assess creditworthiness, the CIBIL score specifically refers to the score provided by the Credit Information Bureau (India) Limited, whereas a credit score may be provided by various credit bureaus worldwide.

What is a good Credit or CIBIL score?

A good CIBIL score typically falls within the range of 750 to 900, indicating a strong credit profile and increasing the likelihood of loan approvals at favorable terms.

How often should I check my CIBIL score?

It is advisable to check your CIBIL score at least once a year to monitor changes and ensure the accuracy of the information in your credit report.

Can I improve my credit score quickly?

While improving your credit score requires time and consistent financial discipline, certain actions such as paying bills on time and reducing credit card balances can lead to gradual score improvement.

Do lenders only consider the CIBIL score when evaluating loan applications?

While the CIBIL score is an essential factor, lenders may also consider other criteria such as income, employment history, and existing debt obligations when assessing loan applications.

Shitanshu Kapadia
Shitanshu Kapadia
Hi, I am Shitanshu founder of moneyexcel.com. I am engaged in blogging & Digital Marketing for 10 years. The purpose of this blog is to share my experience, knowledge and help people in managing money.