HomeHome LoanIgnoring the Home Loan Agreement will cost you

Ignoring the Home Loan Agreement will cost you

If you are planning to take a home loan then the most important factor you consider is the lowest interest rate for finalizing the deal. Most people ignore home loan agreements.

Please understand that a home loan is a long-term agreement and is spread over two decades. Therefore the borrower must read and understand all the clauses that are involved in the home loan agreement before signing it to avoid heartburn at a later stage.

A home loan agreement is considered an absolute formality and one always signs this document by simply ignoring points that are mentioned in the agreement. Most people feel that since the same agreement is applicable to all borrowers, the need for reading it carefully doesn’t arise. Another thought is who will read this 50-page long agreement before signing. Remember overlooking a home loan agreement will cost you.

Here are some of the important clauses that the loan applicant needs to study carefully before entering into the home loan agreement.

Home Loan

Ignoring the Home Loan Agreement will cost you

Reset Clause on Fixed Rates

Due to the trend of rising interest rates, many people opt for fixed-rate home loans instead of floating rates or teaser rate variants. So if you are planning to take a fixed-rate home loan you must check for the rest clause. Banks have introduced the reset clause in their fixed home loan documents so that they can increase rates in case the market rates increase in the future date.

So this is simply converting a fixed-rate loan to a floating rate. This will protect the bank against a surge in interest rate rise but at the same time, it is cheating to borrowers. Typically, this rest period cause varies from bank to bank. So read this clause in your loan agreement carefully.

Force Majeure Clause

There may be certain loopholes in your home loan agreement that allow the bank or home loan company to unfix and raise the fixed interest rate under exceptional circumstances. This all will be mentioned under the force majeure clause of your agreement. However the differentiation between the ‘exceptional circumstances’ is always is tough task. But if you scrutinize your agreement then there are chances that you avoid semi-fixed rate loans that are often announced as fixed rate loans.

The Default Clause

There are various reasons for which a loan can be termed as to have been defaulted upon other than just nonrepayment of installments on time. Some of the other conditions when the loan is deemed to have been in default include:

  • In case one of the borrowers dies or the co-borrowers are divorced.
  • If any of the borrowers are involved in civil litigation or criminal proceedings against them.
  • In case the borrowers fail to notify the lending institution about loss or change in profession well in advance. The term “well in advance” is quite ambiguous which the HFC may use to its advantage at a later stage.

Additional Security Cover  

This clause states that a bank is eligible to demand additional security when property prices fall. Even if you are loyal to your EMI payments, this clause demands a security cover in addition to your loan amount and if a borrower fails to provide such a security then he/ she may be declared a defaulter by the lender.

These clauses are overlooked by most home loan borrowers and some of them eventually end up paying interest rates, fees, or hidden charges completely out of the blue. A better understanding of all these clauses will go a long way in ensuring that the rights of the borrower are protected at all times during the tenure of the home loan.

Shitanshu Kapadia
Shitanshu Kapadia
Hi, I am Shitanshu founder of moneyexcel.com. I am engaged in blogging & Digital Marketing for 10 years. The purpose of this blog is to share my experience, knowledge and help people in managing money. Please note that the views expressed on this Blog are clarifications meant for reference and guidance of the readers to explore further on the topics. These should not be construed as investment , tax, financial advice or legal opinion. Please consult a qualified financial planner and do your own due diligence before making any investment decision.