HomeHome LoanFix or Floating Rate Home loan option

Fix or Floating Rate Home loan option

Home loans available from banks have two options either you can opt for a fixed interest rate option or a variable (floating) interest rate option. In the Fix Interest rate option rate of interest remains the same throughout the home loan. In the floating rate option rate of interest varies (decided by the bank based on the declaration by RBI about the Reverse Repo Rate) This rate varies every quarter. 

If you are planning to take a home loan to purchase a home “BIG” question must be arising in your mind about whether to choose a fixed or floating rate option. In this article, we will provide you guidance about whether is it good to opt for a fixed or floating-rate home loan option.  

Home Loan

Fixed interest rate home loans 

As the name indicates in this type of loan rate of interest remains the same over the loan period, every month one has to pay EMI on a fixed interest rate decided during the disbursement of the loan. As you may be aware during the early years of loan tenure the majority of monthly payments EMI goes into interest components and a small amount goes to principal components. 

Advantages of fixed-rate home loans 

If anyone opts for a fixed rate home loan option then he has an advantage over a floating rate in a manner that if the market pressures interest rate for upward movement then also this rate will be unchanged & the borrower has to pay a fixed EMI. This option is best suited for a person who wants to keep himself secure from varying interest rates and wants to keep a fixed amount/fixed tenure for the payment of a loan. 

Disadvantage of fixed-rate home loans 

The main disadvantage of fixed-rate home loans are its the rate is usually 1.5% -2 % more than floating-rate home loan options. The second thing by any chance interest rate in the market falls the fixed rate home loan does not get the benefit of this reduced rate and the rate remains the same. Fix-rate home loan options are best suited if the economic scenario depicts that the rate will rise. 

Another option available is the fixed rate option for some years which will be converted into to floating rate option. 

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Floating rate home loan 

In this loan option interest rates are tied with base rates (Prime Lending Rate) and floating elements (usually linked with RBI Reverse repo rate) , if that base rate varies home loan interest rate varies. 

Advantage of floating interest rate home loan 

Floating rate home loans are available cheaper by 1.5% -2% compared with fixed rate option, meaning if you are getting a home loan by the bank with 11 % then the fixed loan may be offered with 13%. In this case if the floating rate increases by 1.5% or so then also your loan will be at 12.5%, the Floating rate does not always rise over some time it will fall also which brings an advantage for floating rate customers as EMIs will average out. 

Disadvantage of floating interest rate home loan 

The disadvantage in the case of the floating rate option is monthly investment EMI / Tenure although is fixed at the start of the loan will vary over a period of time as the rate may increase/ decrease. If the rate increases you have two options keep paying the same EMI and increase tenure or loan or increase EMI so that tenure will remain the same. In both cases, you will be paying more money. Another disadvantage is that you cannot predict exactly how much amount you need to pay for a home loan. 


How do I determine which option is best for me?

To determine the best option, consider factors such as your financial goals, risk tolerance, and market conditions. Consulting with a loan advisor can also provide valuable insights tailored to your specific situation.

Can I switch between fixed and floating rates during the loan term?

Some lenders offer the flexibility to switch between fixed and floating rates, albeit with certain terms and conditions. It’s advisable to inquire about this option before finalizing your mortgage agreement.

What happens if market interest rates change?

Market interest rate fluctuations can impact both fixed and floating rate mortgages differently. With a fixed rate mortgage, your payments remain unaffected by market changes, while a floating rate mortgage may result in adjustments to your monthly payments.

Are there any additional costs associated with each option?

Both fixed and floating rate mortgages may entail additional costs such as origination fees, closing costs, and prepayment penalties. It’s essential to factor in these expenses when evaluating the overall affordability of each option.

What steps should I take before applying for a loan?

Before applying for a loan, it’s advisable to review your credit report, assess your financial situation, and gather necessary documentation such as income statements and tax returns. Additionally, exploring pre-approval options can provide clarity on your borrowing capacity.


Home loan customers mostly select floating-rate home loans to take advantage of floating rates, data shows that 80% of people opt for home loans with floating rates. It is up to the borrower to decide the option rate of interest but keeping in mind the current situation fixed-rate home loan will provide more advantages of security but one has to see that he is not paying more premiums on interest rates.

Shitanshu Kapadia
Shitanshu Kapadia
Hi, I am Shitanshu founder of moneyexcel.com. I am engaged in blogging & Digital Marketing for 10 years. The purpose of this blog is to share my experience, knowledge and help people in managing money. Please note that the views expressed on this Blog are clarifications meant for reference and guidance of the readers to explore further on the topics. These should not be construed as investment , tax, financial advice or legal opinion. Please consult a qualified financial planner and do your own due diligence before making any investment decision.